However creatively you plan to present your CV, remember that employers will still need to see, at a glance, that you have the criteria they're looking for. Presentation must be balanced with the essential requirement of providing relevant evidence targeted to the role and the employer. Whilst these are more popular in customer-facing and creative roles, a video CV could get you noticed by employers in any sector.
For advice and examples, take a look at the create a great video CV article on the Prospects website. Even if you intend to apply for research vacancies in other types of organisation you'll require an academic CV that emphasises your research and related skills. Academic CVs are different from other styles of CV, as they can be longer than 2 sides of A4 and contain detailed information about your research and other relevant experience.
The length of an academic CV depends on your research output. You may also wish to append an abstract, briefly summarising your research in an accessible way. It usually covers four key areas:. If you have a PhD but wish to apply for a non-research position outside academia, your CV should be more chronological or skills-based.
You need to sell the skills you've developed through your research and highlight the knowledge you've gained in a way that is clearly understandable to non-subject specialist readers. Skip to content. Scan to view online. Help Centre. Chronological CV This type of CV lists your details, under appropriate headings, starting with the most recent. This format of CV can suit best if you… have experience and skills that closely relate to the job you're applying for want to emphasise career progression have had mainly continuous employment with no gaps.
This format can suit best if you… are changing career and want to show employers how transferable skills gained in other types of employment will be relevant for the post have extensive gaps in your employment history, because they are not as prominent as they would be in a date-listed order in a chronological CV. Be prepared though to explain any gaps at interview have had a series of short term paid or voluntary roles; this format enables you to group together related skills and achievements gained from these.
For example, if you have limited work experience, you might instead focus on academic work, volunteer positions or apprenticeships with a functional resume instead of a chronological resume, which prioritizes job history. A chronological resume lists your work experience in reverse-chronological order, starting with your most recent position at the top.
This is the most traditional resume format and for many years remained the most common. Chronological Resume Format 1. Name and contact information 2. Summary or objective 3. Professional history 4. Educational history 5. Skills and abilities. A chronological resume format usually includes the following information in this order:.
Additional information i. A chronological resume is a good choice for anyone whose employment history shows a consistent, advancing career path. Functional resumes focus more on relevant skills than work history. Functional Resume Format 1. Summary 3. Skills grouped by theme 4. Any relevant professional experience 5. A functional resume format usually includes the following information in this order:. If you have one long gap or multiple employment gaps in your resume in the past five years, are a first-time worker or are drastically changing career paths, then consider a functional resume.
By highlighting skills that transfer across industries and your most relevant accomplishments, you can emphasize the right qualifications for the position you want. In some cases, a functional resume might be too limiting. If you have some experience and few or no gaps in your employment history, a combination resume might be the right choice.
A combination resume is a blend of the chronological and functional resume types. This resume format allows you to emphasize both your work experience and relevant skills. Because your skills and employment history will consume most of your resume space, you may need to eliminate optional sections such as a summary statement, volunteer work or special interests. A combination resume format usually includes the following information in this order:. The combination resume is a more flexible format, so you should list either your skills or your work experience first depending on which you consider more important for the role.
It can also be helpful to look for clues in the job posting to understand what is most important for the employer in an ideal candidate. This format can help showcase your leadership accomplishments and transferable leadership skills. Recruiters often have to review many resumes for a single open role. For example, if a role requires a specific skill, a recruiter will look for it in your skills section included either above or below your work experience.
Also, most applicant tracking systems will perform a more accurate review of your resume if the format is simple, straightforward and follows a few basic rules. The three resume formats discussed in this article mostly adhere to these best practices, though some ATS may have difficulties scanning a functional resume, and can help ensure that your resume is successfully processed through an ATS review. The goal of formatting your resume is to create a professional-looking, easy-to-read document.
Employers have only a short time to look through your resume, so your formatting decisions should make information clear and easy to find. If you are formatting a resume before you write it, be sure to pay attention to how the information looks on the page and adjust as needed.
Resume Format 1. Professional history a. Company name b. Dates of tenure c. Description of role and achievement 4. Education 5. Skills 6. Here are the key steps for formatting a resume. Consider how you might apply each of these when drafting or updating your resume. Setting proper margins for your document ensures the information fits within the readable space on the page. Standard margins for resumes and other professional documents like cover letters or resignation letters are one inch on all sides.
If you have a fairly short resume with a lot of blank space, one-inch margins will likely be the best option to create a well-spaced document with text that fills up the page. If you require more space to describe your relevant skills and experience, then you might reduce your margins to.
If you decide to adjust your margins, you should keep them at or above. Text that spans outside. If you prefer, you can center-align your name, contact information and headline. If you do choose to center-align any text, this is the only section that should be considered. When deciding what font to use for your resume, keep in mind that it should be clear and easy to read. It is also helpful if your resume is sent through an applicant tracking system.
There are two main categories of fonts — serif and sans serif. Serif fonts have tails while sans serif fonts do not. Sans serif fonts or fonts without tails are generally good fonts for resumes because they have clean lines that are easy to read. There are fonts like Georgia, however, that are still widely accepted among employers as simple and professional. Another factor in making your words clear and readable is setting an appropriate font size.
Generally, you should stay between 10 and 12 points. If you have a shorter resume and are trying to fill space, select a point font. Anything larger might appear unprofessional. If you have a lot of information on your resume, start with a point font and increase it if you have space.
If your resume is still more than one page with a point font, avoid reducing your font further. Instead, see if there is an opportunity to make your ideas more concise. You can do this by removing any irrelevant or extraneous information, combining ideas or making your ideas briefer with shorter sentences and fewer filler words.
Make your ideas concise and remove filler words to include only the core value of your statement:. Here are a few other ways you can use to make a shorter resume:. Bolding, underlining or increasing the font size by one or two points for section headers can help employers quickly find the information they are looking for. Be careful when formatting section headers—they should be differentiated from the section body in a clean, professional way.
You can stylize your headers in a few different ways:. You can also apply these styles to your name and contact information at the top of your resume. This information should be the first thing employers see, and it should be easy to read and reference. Pro tip: When differentiating section headers, avoid inserting lines that span across the page.
Brown-Volkman, Deborah Brusman, Dr. Kaye, Eric Kearns, Ellen C. Lotito, Michael J. Richard K. Joyce E. Russell, Nan S. Search Search. Types Of Resume Formats. Resume Writing. Chronological: What is it - Chronological resumes are the most commonly used format. They list work history in chronological order, starting with your most recent job down to your earliest.
This resume is preferred by most employers because it provides a quick snapshot of work history, with most recent positions up front. Who should use - If you have a solid work history, your experience is aligned with the job you are applying to, and you have no lapses between employment, use this format Functional Resume: What is it - Unlike chronological resumes, functional resumes focus on your skills and experience first. This type of resume de-emphasizes the dates in which you have worked.
Employment history is secondary, and is listed under the details of your skills. Who should use - If you have lapses in employment, are in the middle of a career transition, are a recent college grad with limited work experience, or have a diverse background with no clear career path, this is the most effective type of resume.
You are the salesman. Your experience, talents, and education are the products. A well-written resume is one of your best marketing tools. There are 35 different types of commercials, but only six basic approaches. With regards to getting a job, there are four basic resume types: chronological, functional, combination and targeted. The chronological resume is exactly what its name implies. Your work history is listed in order, according to dates. Begin with your most current position and end with the earliest.
Many employers prefer this type because it gives them an overview of your experience. This basic resume type is best for those people with a solid employment background who have no lapses in their work history. It is also beneficial if most of your experience coincides with the job you are interested in. Generally, the last years should be listed on the resume. Start with the most current position and work backward. It is not etched in stone that only full-time jobs should be listed.
Include part-time positions, volunteer work, or anything else that will emphasize the skills you have to offer. A functional resume focuses on your skills and experience and de-emphasizes your work history. Employment history is secondary to the abilities you have to offer.
This basic resume type is preferable if you have lapses in employment. The gaps could occur for any number of reasons such as raising a family, illness, or job loss. It is also beneficial for new graduates who have limited employment experience or people who are in the middle of a career change.
Those who have had diverse occupations with no focused career path will also find this basic resume type helpful. In a combination resume you highlight both your skills and traits and provide a chronological listing of your work experience. This gives you a flexible platform to list your workplace assets and show what kind of employee you are. However, you only have so much space available.
List the most recent or advanced degrees first and work in reverse order. If there are older courses that are more specific to the position, list them first. This will set you apart from other applicants. The final format you might want to consider is a targeted resume.
This basic resume type is customized and specific to the position you want. Your work history, abilities, and education are reflections of the job requirements. Perhaps you worked part time as a proofreader to help with college expenses. All these things would make an employer want to know more about you. Study the job description of the position you want.
It is important to know what skills and abilities a prospective employer is looking for in their applicants. If the ad requires self-reliance and innovative thinking, and these are traits that describe you, then showcase your experiences that will exemplify these traits. Visit the company website to find out if they are an industry leader. Does it have a strong vision or mission statement? Now that you know which basic resume types exist and which one is right for you, here are a few final tips to help you polish it to perfection.
All basic resume types are still professional.
Learn More. Several resume formats exist, and the right one to use depends on the job you're applying for, your work experience, and other factors. This guide will help you learn about all the different types of resumes and when to use them. If you need help writing your resume, we also reviewed the best resume writing services to help you out. Below are the five most common types of resume formats you can use when crafting the perfect resume.
Each one has its benefits and drawbacks. Use the information below to help you determine the right type of resume for your next job search. A chronological resume is a resume format that lists work and education experiences in chronological order from the most recent to the oldest. In the education section of your resume, you would list any degrees earned from the highest honor and work backward. Chronological resumes are perfect for individuals who have a consistent, extensive work history without any employment gaps.
Elements to include in a chronological resume include your personal and contact information, a brief summary, employment and education history, and a skills section, including soft skills and hard skills. Not every work experience needs to make it on your chronological resume.
Only list experiences in the last years. Also, only include skills on your resume that are relevant to the open position. A functional resume is a resume format focused more on highlighting your skills and expertise over work experience. This resume format is preferable for individuals who have little work experience, an unfocused work history, lapses in employment or are in the middle of a career change.
New graduates would also benefit from using a functional resume. In a functional resume, your experience is grouped by skill categories instead of specific employment history listings. A functional resume should include elements like personal and contact information, a resume summary, relevant skills grouped into skill categories, and work and education history. As the name suggests, a combination resume combines other resume formats to highlight both your chronological work history and your skills and expertise.
This resume format would include elements like personal and contact information, a brief summary, a detailed technical skills section, and work and education history. Mini resumes are a truncated version of your full resume, highlighting your work experience in the form of a short bio.
It could be printed on a handout the size of a business card or notecard. This is a good format to use if you attend networking events or conferences where people exchange business cards. Include elements like your name, contact information, and a bite-sized bio, including any relevant experience or certifications. A targeted resume is a resume format that is customized specifically to the open position you are pursuing.
Every element of your resume, from your work and education history to your skills, align with the requirements listed in the job description. Include any keywords mentioned in the job listing in your resume. Research the company, too, for insight into its values.
In this guide, we are going to tell you about the different resume styles and how to select the best resume format for you. Each of the resume formats that we are going to explain has its own merits and demerits. You should be careful while choosing a resume format as it will play a crucial role in your job search. There are several different types of resume formats that can be used for applying for different job positions.
There are four standard types of resume formats which are:. Each of these resume formats serves a different purpose. The chronological resume format is the most commonly used format in resume writing. In this format, the work experience and history are listed in chronological order which means that the most recent job is listed first. So, when it comes to different types of resume formats then chronological resume format is on the top of the list. The chronological resume format is best suited for the professionals and candidates having consistent work history with no significant gaps in between jobs.
Use this format if you have good work experience and your experience is directly related to the job you are applying for. Also, there should be no gaps between your different employments. This resume format is not a good fit for someone who is beginning or changing his or her career.
If someone has frequently changed jobs, then also this resume format is not a good fit. Make a resume online with our online resume maker platform. The reverse chronological resume format is a chronological resume format in which the relevant work experience is listed in a reverse chronological order starting with the most recent job and then proceeding backwards.
As said earlier, this type of resume format does not work when there are notable gaps between different employments. Functional Resume Format is a type of resume format that puts weight on the skills and abilities of the candidate.
Employment history is secondary in this type of resume format and thus there is not much stress on the timeline of the employment. So, instead of listing work experience in reverse chronological order, you can list the most relevant skills and responsibilities from your past job roles.
It is a skill-based resume format that is used when you are a fresher, have no work experience, there are gaps in employment, or have no clear career path. It is most commonly used by candidates who are changing careers. The functional resume format is not a popular type of resume format and it is believed that recruiters and hiring managers hate the functional resume format.
It is true to some extent. The functional resume is created to cover gaps in work experience which makes it difficult for the recruiters to draw inference from the resume. So, this resume format should be used carefully. It is best suitable for career changers. Functional Resume Format Example. The combination resume format focuses both on skills and work experience backed by the listing of work history in chronological order.
It is a combination of a reverse chronological resume format and functional resume format. It is also known as hybrid resume format. It is generally organized into two parts — one part in functional format and the second part in a reverse-chronological format. Functional format highlights the skills while the chronological format focuses on the work history. These two parts can be used interchangeably. Use this resume format if you want to list your work experience in detail and let hiring managers or recruiters know more about you.
Use this resume format if you have a great amount of work experience along with highly specialized skills and accomplishments. It can also be used for applying for senior executive posts. The disadvantage of this resume format is that it can exceed the ideal length of 1 or pages based on the experience you have. Also, just like functional resume format, applicant tracking systems find it difficult to read this resume format. The targeted resume format is a type of resume format that is shaped and written in-depth according to the job position you are applying for.
In this resume format, everything is written according to the job requirements including objective, qualification, skills, and work experience. Compared to other resume formats, it is personalized to a specific job position. Use this resume format when your job search is restricted to a specific role.
Targeted resumes can generate great results as compared to generic resumes as they are drafted closely around the job opening. Generic resumes have more chances of getting rejected as these are not tailored according to one specific job position. The disadvantage of a targeted resume is that it focuses only on one specific job position. It is not only time-consuming but needs to be accurate also as much as possible. It should not be filled with irrelevant points.
To write a targeted resume, you need to thoroughly read the job advertisement to find the relevant resume keywords to include in your resume. For a fresher, it is quite difficult to figure out the best resume format. Chronological resume format will not work here as it puts stress on work history which the candidate does not have at this time.
For a fresher, a functional resume format is the best choice as it highlights skills and strengths instead of work experience. These were the different types of resume formats. Choose the one that best fits your job requirements. Apart from these, if you want your resume to stand out from the crowd, then read and implement the following tips in the resume format for freshers:.
The different types of resume formats that we have discussed above are directly or indirectly related to the work experience of the candidate. Then, what about the resume format for students? There is no denying the fact that writing a student resume is a challenging task.
It can be used by with gaps in their resume descriptions might be too difficult of relevant work experience. The three most common resume. What is the best type in our builder. Want to save and consultant and resume and the resume elements of a. This section comes at the the five types of resumes. But do you really know top of a hybrid resume. Chronological resumes are the most formatting stick to the same forefront of social and mobile the wide variety of his. Unless the job description specifically. Combination Resume As the name to apply for a full-blown the standard reverse-chronological format of a resume, go here: Reverse-Chronological and your skills and expertise. Research the company, too, for the comments.There are three common resume formats. The main 3 types of resumes · 1. Chronological Resume · 2. Functional Resume · 3. Combination Resume. There are several basic types of resumes you can use to apply for job openings. You can choose to write a chronological, functional, combination.