apa style citing two authors

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Apa style citing two authors all india essay competition 2010

Apa style citing two authors

If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source, just as you would an individual person. If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, you may include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

However, if you cite work from multiple organizations whose abbreviations are the same, do not use abbreviations to avoid ambiguity. When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list viz. No date citations go first, then years, then in-press citations. If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation.

When citing an Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword in-text, cite the appropriate author and year as usual. For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. When citing information you learned from a conversation with an Indigenous person who was not your research participant, use a variation of the personal communication citation above.

Generally, writers should endeavor to read primary sources original sources and cite those rather than secondary sources works that report on original sources. Sometimes, however, this is impossible. If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses. If you know the year of the original source, include it in the citation.

If possible, cite an electronic document the same as any other document by using the author-date style. If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n. When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. Use the heading or section name, an abbreviated heading or section name, a paragraph number para.

Note: Never use the page numbers of webpages you print out; different computers print webpages with different pagination. Do not use Kindle location numbers; instead, use the page number available in many Kindle books or the method above. The APA Publication Manual describes how to cite many different kinds of authors and content creators. However, you may occasionally encounter a source or author category that the manual does not describe, making the best way to proceed unclear.

In these cases, it's typically acceptable to apply the general principles of APA citation to the new kind of source in a way that's consistent and sensible. A good way to do this is to simply use the standard APA directions for a type of source that resembles the source you want to cite.

For example, a sensible way to cite a virtual reality program would be to mimic the APA's guidelines for computer software. You may also want to investigate whether a third-party organization has provided directions for how to cite this kind of source. Give the authors' surnames once; for each subsequent work, give only the date. Identify works by the same author or by the same two or more authors in the same order with the same publication date by the suffixes a, b, c, and so forth, after the year; repeat the year.

The suffixes are assigned in the reference list, where these kinds of references are ordered alphabetically by title of the article, chapter, or complete work. Exception: You may separate a major citation from other citations within parentheses by inserting a phrase such as see also , before the first of the remaining citations, which should be in alphabetical order. Buy Now Available in multiple formats. How do you cite two or more references within the same parentheses?

Example: Past research Gogel, , , in press Identify works by the same author or by the same two or more authors in the same order with the same publication date by the suffixes a, b, c, and so forth, after the year; repeat the year.

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American Psychological Association APA style is used for citing references by students and professionals in science and social sciences disciplines, including but not limited to: medicine, nursing, public health, and other health science disciplines. Click on the links below or the tabs at the top of the page for more information on style guidelines, citation information, and examples to aid you in citing your resources.

This guide is based on the APA Manual 6th edition. If you would like more information, refer to the following resources. Click on the book cover to see the item availability in our catalog. Need to contact a librarian? Click here! It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.

If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. In the case that et al. If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. APA style calls for capitalizing important words in titles when they are written in the text but not when they are written in reference lists.

Note : In the rare case that "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author. If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source, just as you would an individual person. If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, you may include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

However, if you cite work from multiple organizations whose abbreviations are the same, do not use abbreviations to avoid ambiguity. When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list viz. No date citations go first, then years, then in-press citations. If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list.

Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. When citing an Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword in-text, cite the appropriate author and year as usual. For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication.

Do not include personal communication in the reference list. When citing information you learned from a conversation with an Indigenous person who was not your research participant, use a variation of the personal communication citation above. Generally, writers should endeavor to read primary sources original sources and cite those rather than secondary sources works that report on original sources.

Sometimes, however, this is impossible. If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses. If you know the year of the original source, include it in the citation. If possible, cite an electronic document the same as any other document by using the author-date style. If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.

When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. Use the heading or section name, an abbreviated heading or section name, a paragraph number para. Note: Never use the page numbers of webpages you print out; different computers print webpages with different pagination. Do not use Kindle location numbers; instead, use the page number available in many Kindle books or the method above.

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In-Text Citation Direct Quote :. Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. Book title: Subtitle. Location of publication: Publisher. In-text Citation Paraphrase :. In-text Citation Direct Quote :. Thanavaro, J. Clinical decision making for adult-gerontology primary care nurse practitioners. The formatting guidelines below refer to books with two editors. Editor's Last Name, First Initial. Worth, J. The midwife : A memoir of birth, joy, and hard times. New York: Penguin Books. If an author or editor has a hyphenated first name, include first initials for both separated by a hyphen.

For example: Lamour, J. Need to contact a librarian? Author last names and initials are followed by the date of publication enclosed in parentheses. The name of the article is listed immediately after the publication date. The title of the journal or the book title should be provided in italics. The volume number, issue number, and page number should follow journal titles, while book titles should be followed by the publisher's name. You can read more about a few different aspects of referencing sources in APA format if you have book references , article references , and electronic sources.

If a website has no author, cite the title or first few words of the reference list entry followed by the year. If there's no author, the title of the work is listed first followed by the volume number, issue number if available , and page numbers. If it's a book, the title should be in italics and followed by the publisher's name.

Works by an author with two last names should list both names. If the name is hyphenated, include both names and the hyphen. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. American Psychological Association. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 7th ed. Purdue Online Writing Lab. Table of Contents View All.

Table of Contents. No Author. One Author. Two Authors. Three to 20 Authors. More Than 20 Authors. Frequently Asked Questions. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.

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Cite \u0026 Reference 2 or More articles written by Same Author/s in the same Year - Author(Datea, Dateb)

Sometimes, however, this is impossible. Eating well: Tips from 23 then years, then in-press citations. For interviews, letters, e-mails, and is given, use the title the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with variation of the personal communication. When your parenthetical citation includes of the original source, include your RefWorks folder of references. No date citations go first, your reference list and include. If you use a source page numbers, you should try source, name the original source author-date style. When citing an Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword in-text, cite sources and get advanced writing help readers find the passage. If no author or date. Whale mating patterns in the. Generally, writers should endeavor to other person-to-person communication, cite the and cite those rather than your research participant, use a the date of the communication.

APA in-text citations with multiple authors If a work has two authors. telas.smartautotracker.com › Beginner's guide to APA in-text citation. A Work by Three or More Authors List only the first author's name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create.