write a paragraph summarizing the causes of world war 1

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Write a paragraph summarizing the causes of world war 1 do my analysis essay on lincoln

Write a paragraph summarizing the causes of world war 1

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Fighting in the high elevations of the Balkans and Alps created additional agony for soldiers fighting there: bitterly cold winters and especially rugged terrain. Serbia, whose countryman had fired the shots that gave rise to the slaughter taking place in Europe, was invaded twice by Austria-Hungary but repulsed both attempts.

In the autumn of , a third invasion came. This time the Hapsburgs were joined by Germany and Bulgaria. The outnumbered Serbs gave ground. Ultimately, the Serbian Army only escaped annihilation by a demanding march through Albania to the Adriatic Sea, where the French Navy rescued the survivors. Romania remained neutral until August when it joined the Allies and declared war on Austria-Hungary in hopes of securing additional territories including Transylvania.

As the poorly trained Romanian army advanced into Transylvania, German forces invaded and occupied Romania itself, quickly knocking the country out of the war. Italy, wooed by both sides, entered the war on the Allied side in May What gains the Italians made in the war were wiped out by a rout that began at Caporeto in October and unhinged the entire line. An attempted invasion on the Gallipoli Peninsula resulted in a bloody repulse, but war in the interior of the Ottoman Empire met with greater success.

Arab groups seeking to overthrow the empire waged a successful guerrilla war in the Mideast, led by Prince Feisal, third son of the Grand Sharif of Mecca. The revolt was aided by British liaison officer T. Lawrence of Wales, who became known as Lawrence of Arabia. When the war ended, the Ottoman Empire was broken up. England and France drew borders for new countries in the Mideast without regard for ethnic and religious factions. The centuries-old tensions between the native inhabitants of the region led to many of the problems causing turmoil in the Mideast today, another irony of the War to End War.

Africa was home to a sideshow of the European fighting. European nationals and colonial troops of both sides fought against each other, but the German colonies were widely separated and unable to support each other. In German East Africa Tanzania an aggressive general named Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck waged a guerilla campaign against his British opponents until after the armistice was signed in Europe that ended the Great War.

In the waters of the Pacific Ocean German commerce raiders found prey among merchant vessels of Allied nations. Japan joined the Allies war effort on August 23, , ostensibly in fulfillment of the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Accomplishing that goal while supporting large armies engaged in warfare proved impossible for Germany, but World War I saw the last great battles fought entirely between surface ships. Jutland would prove to be not only the largest naval battle up to that time but the last in which fighting would take place only between surface ships.

The most significant advance in naval warfare to come out of the Great War was the development of submarines, which the German Imperial Navy called Unterseeboots undersea boats. That got shortened to U-boats, a name that became synonymous with submarine.

Subs could hide beneath the waves in shipping lanes to attack merchant or combat ships with torpedoes without ever being seen. Germany engaged in such unrestricted warfare until U sunk the British passenger liner Lusitania off Ireland in May Over 1, lives were lost, including Americans, and the US threatened to break diplomatic relations with Germany. The Imperial Navy subsequently instituted strict regulations for U-boat attacks, but those went by the boards in as the Germans tried to cut off supplies to Britain and starve the island nation into submission.

It was a bad decision. Airplanes had already seen limited military before World War I began. Italian aircraft were used for reconnaissance and small-scale bombing during the Italo-Turkish War of Aircraft during World War I continued to be used primarily for reconnaissance, including photo-reconnaissance missions. Pilots began shooting at each other with pistols and rifles. Soon various schemes were attempted to attach machine guns to planes. Early war planes were very light and used small engines with top speeds of less than mph.

On many designs the engine was in the rear and pushed the plane through the air. Changes might occur within weeks; in the decades following the war, such changes would take years. Zeppelins were also used for reconnaissance and for bombing over land and sea. While the war on the ground was a miserable existence in muddy, rat- and disease-infested trenches, and millions of lives might be spent to gain a few miles of territory, the war in the air captured the imagination of the world.

Using this exciting new technology to maneuver through the skies and engage the enemy in one-on-one dogfights in which skillful pilots could rise to the status of ace gave the air war a sense of glamour that still hangs over the pilots of World War I. America was drawn into the conflict by the Zimmerman telegraph and unrestricted submarine warfare. On January 16, , Foreign Secretary of the German Empire Arthur Zimmerman sent a coded message to the German ambassador in Mexico City, Heinrich von Eckart informing him Germany would return to unrestricted submarine warfare on February 1, a policy that might cause America to declare war.

The code was broken, and the contents of the telegram published on March 1. Americans were outraged. Two weeks later German U-boats sank three American vessels. Wilson asked Congress on April 1 to authorize a declaration of war against Germany, which it did four days later. War was declared on the other Central Powers shortly thereafter. When American troops and war materiel began arriving in Europe later in , it unalterably shifted the balance of power in favor of the Allies.

A final German offensive began on May 21, , an attempt to win the war before the full weight of American strength could arrive. An Allied operation that became known as the Hundred Days Offensive pushed the enemy back to the German border by September. The German navy mutinied. Ludendorff, architect of many German victories in the east, was dismissed. Riots broke out, often led by German Bolsheviks. Prince Max, Chancellor of Germany, authorized negotiations for peace terms and stipulated that both military and civilian representatives be involved.

He then turned his title over to Friedrich Ebert, leader of the Socialist Democratic movement. Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated on November 9. An agreement between the combatants called for all guns to fall silent on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. Yet, even on the morning of November 11, before the designated time for the armistice to begin, some field officers ordered their men to make attacks, which accomplished little except more bloodshed.

A series of peace treaties were signed between the combatant nations, but the most significant was the Treaty of Versailles, signed on July 28, , five years after Austria-Hungary had declared war on Serbia. Germany had hoped Woodrow Wilson would be a moderating factor that would allow for more generous peace terms, but the nations that had lost millions of young men to the weapons of the Central Powers were in no mood to be forgiving.

As a result of the various treaties, the Ottoman Empire was dismantled. Russia reached an armistice with the Central Powers in early December , freeing German troops to face the remaining Allies on the Western Front. At the outbreak of fighting in , the United States remained on the sidelines of World War I, adopting the policy of neutrality favored by President Woodrow Wilson while continuing to engage in commerce and shipping with European countries on both sides of the conflict.

In , Germany declared the waters surrounding the British Isles to be a war zone, and German U-boats sunk several commercial and passenger vessels, including some U. Widespread protest over the sinking by U-boat of the British ocean liner Lusitania —traveling from New York to Liverpool, England with hundreds of American passengers onboard—in May helped turn the tide of American public opinion against Germany. Germany sunk four more U. With World War I having effectively settled into a stalemate in Europe, the Allies attempted to score a victory against the Ottoman Empire, which entered the conflict on the side of the Central Powers in late After a failed attack on the Dardanelles the strait linking the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean Sea , Allied forces led by Britain launched a large-scale land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula in April The invasion also proved a dismal failure, and in January Allied forces staged a full retreat from the shores of the peninsula after suffering , casualties.

British-led forces also combated the Ottoman Turks in Egypt and Mesopotamia , while in northern Italy, Austrian and Italian troops faced off in a series of 12 battles along the Isonzo River, located at the border between the two nations. British and French—and later, American—troops arrived in the region, and the Allies began to take back the Italian Front. The biggest naval engagement of World War I, the Battle of Jutland May left British naval superiority on the North Sea intact, and Germany would make no further attempts to break an Allied naval blockade for the remainder of the war.

World War I was the first major conflict to harness the power of planes. At the dawn of World War I, aviation was a relatively new field; the Wright brothers took their first sustained flight just eleven years before, in Aircraft were initially used primarily for reconnaissance missions. During the First Battle of the Marne, information passed from pilots allowed the allies to exploit weak spots in the German lines, helping the Allies to push Germany out of France.

The first machine guns were successfully mounted on planes in June of in the United States, but were imperfect; if timed incorrectly, a bullet could easily destroy the propeller of the plane it came from. The Morane-Saulnier L, a French plane, provided a solution: The propeller was armored with deflector wedges that prevented bullets from hitting it. The British Bristol Type 22 was another popular model used for both reconnaissance work and as a fighter plane.

Dutch inventor Anthony Fokker improved upon the French deflector system in Though his most popular plane during WWI was the single-seat Fokker Eindecker, Fokker created over 40 kinds of airplanes for the Germans. On April 1, , the British created the Royal Air Force, or RAF, the first air force to be a separate military branch independent from the navy or army.

With Germany able to build up its strength on the Western Front after the armistice with Russia, Allied troops struggled to hold off another German offensive until promised reinforcements from the United States were able to arrive.

On July 15, , German troops launched what would become the last German offensive of the war, attacking French forces joined by 85, American troops as well as some of the British Expeditionary Force in the Second Battle of the Marne. The Allies successfully pushed back the German offensive and launched their own counteroffensive just three days later.

The Second Battle of the Marne turned the tide of war decisively towards the Allies, who were able to regain much of France and Belgium in the months that followed. All four regiments comprised of celebrated soldiers who fought in the Spanish-American War and American-Indian Wars , and served in the American territories. But they were not deployed for overseas combat in World War I. Blacks serving alongside white soldiers on the front lines in Europe was inconceivable to the U. Instead, the first African American troops sent overseas served in segregated labor battalions, restricted to menial roles in the Army and Navy, and shutout of the Marines, entirely.

Their duties mostly included unloading ships, transporting materials from train depots, bases and ports, digging trenches, cooking and maintenance, removing barbed wire and inoperable equipment, and burying soldiers. Facing criticism from the Black community and civil rights organizations for its quotas and treatment of African American soldiers in the war effort, the military formed two Black combat units in , the 92nd and 93rd Divisions. Trained separately and inadequately in the United States, the divisions fared differently in the war.

The 92nd faced criticism for their performance in the Meuse-Argonne campaign in September The 93rd Division, however, had more success. With dwindling armies, France asked America for reinforcements, and General John Pershing , commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, sent regiments in the 93 Division to over, since France had experience fighting alongside Black soldiers from their Senegalese French Colonial army.

Despite the Turkish victory at Gallipoli, later defeats by invading forces and an Arab revolt that destroyed the Ottoman economy and devastated its land, and the Turks signed a treaty with the Allies in late October Austria-Hungary, dissolving from within due to growing nationalist movements among its diverse population, reached an armistice on November 4.

Facing dwindling resources on the battlefield, discontent on the homefront and the surrender of its allies, Germany was finally forced to seek an armistice on November 11, , ending World War I. At the Paris Peace Conference in , Allied leaders stated their desire to build a post-war world that would safeguard itself against future conflicts of such devastating scale. As the years passed, hatred of the Versailles treaty and its authors settled into a smoldering resentment in Germany that would, two decades later, be counted among the causes of World War II.

World War I took the lives of more than 9 million soldiers; 21 million more were wounded. Civilian casualties numbered close to 10 million. The two nations most affected were Germany and France, each of which sent some 80 percent of their male populations between the ages of 15 and 49 into battle. The political disruption surrounding World War I also contributed to the fall of four venerable imperial dynasties: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia and Turkey. World War I brought about massive social upheaval, as millions of women entered the workforce to replace men who went to war and those who never came back.

The severe effects that chemical weapons such as mustard gas and phosgene had on soldiers and civilians during World War I galvanized public and military attitudes against their continued use. The Geneva Convention agreements, signed in , restricted the use of chemical and biological agents in warfare and remains in effect today.

But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. When World War I broke out across Europe in , President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the United States would remain neutral, and many Americans supported this policy of nonintervention. However, public opinion about neutrality started to change after the sinking of the British For four years, from to , World War I raged across Europe's western and eastern fronts, after growing tensions and then the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria ignited the war.

Trench warfare and the early use of tanks, submarines and airplanes meant the

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Read this. Help Login Sign Up. Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and the system of alliances were four main factors that pressed the great powers towards this explosive war. Although Francis Ferdinand was assassinated and sparked the beginning of the war, this however was not the main cause. Nationalism: a philosophy that is purely focused on patriotism, loyalty to one's nation and seeing its nation as the superior nation.

In example of a nationalistic cause in the war, Austria-Hungary was getting apprehensive when the Slavs in northern part of their empire wanted to unite with Serbia. Of course, having a strong nationalism in Austria-Hungary, Austria-Hungary started being concerned. Militarism: a philosophy that bases one's organization purely on the strict ideas of strong military, control over aggression, and mass production of weaponry and any other military supplies.

Europe at this time was very focused on imperialism. N causes of the war in Iraq Militarism: a philosophy that bases one's organization purely on the strict ideas of strong military, control over aggression, and mass production of weaponry and any other military supplies.

Alliances: Uniting with other countries to make agreements on certain issues, to either prevent or support war. This accusation gives Saddam Hussein a bad reputation, even worse than the one he currently holds. Thus, the war in Iraq is considered a solution to break any potential agreements made between the two allies.

Nationalism: a This act was the event that essentially sparked the beginning of World War I. With all things considered, the First World War was caused by the struggle for military power, the intense feelings of national pride and the need to build and expand empires.

One of the contributing factors that led to the war was each country's need to have a strong military force. The last major factor that caused the war was the strong feeling of national pride. The assassination is the event most commonly considered to have been the most direct cause of World War I, but without the impact o Many people say that religion is one of the main reasons of war around the world, but they are wrong. Although it is widely thought that religion causes war, it is clear that it does not and there are many other causes to wars around the world.

There were only some religious aspects of the war. War is caused by the hatred in an individual. Religion is not caused by war. The Great War of also known as World War 1 was one of the bloodiest wars in history that killed millions of people and happened for many reasons, some of the reasons haven't even been found. The second underlying cause for World War I was Nationalism: the pride and devotion to one's nation. Germany's jealousy of Great Britain caused resentment and tension among the European countries and was one of the causes of World War I.

The fourth and most important underlying cause of World A total war can be defined as a war which is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the accepted rules of war are disregarded. One of the main features supporting the total war was heavy continuous bombings of military and civilian targets.

But as the civilians, as much as the Allies, were longing to end the war as soon as possible, everyone tried to do one's bit to help with the 'war effort. And this is because pre-world war, no one took notice to Russia or were too afraid to venture there themselves. Russia is actually the largest country in the world, taking up about one-sixth of the United States.

Everyone rallied behind him to go into battle World War I. War Of The Worlds "No one would have believed, in the last years of the nineteenth century, that human affairs were being watched keenly and closely by intelligences greater than man's and yet as mortal as his own; that as men busied themselves about their affairs they were scrutinized and studied, perhaps almost as a man with a microscope might scrutinize the transient creatures that swarm and multiply in a drop of water Franco-Prussian war in was one of the major causes of World War 1, resulting in France being overthrown, humiliated and isolated.

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The Germans left death and destruction in their wake as they advanced through Belgium toward France, shooting civilians and executing a Belgian priest they had accused of inciting civilian resistance. In the First Battle of the Marne , fought from September , , French and British forces confronted the invading Germany army, which had by then penetrated deep into northeastern France, within 30 miles of Paris.

The Allied troops checked the German advance and mounted a successful counterattack, driving the Germans back to north of the Aisne River. The defeat meant the end of German plans for a quick victory in France. Both sides dug into trenches , and the Western Front was the setting for a hellish war of attrition that would last more than three years.

Particularly long and costly battles in this campaign were fought at Verdun February-December and the Battle of the Somme July-November German and French troops suffered close to a million casualties in the Battle of Verdun alone. In the latter poem, McCrae writes from the perspective of the fallen soldiers:.

To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields. Visual artists like Otto Dix of Germany and British painters Wyndham Lewis, Paul Nash and David Bomberg used their firsthand experience as soldiers in World War I to create their art, capturing the anguish of trench warfare and exploring the themes of technology, violence and landscapes decimated by war.

This increased hostility was directed toward the imperial regime of Czar Nicholas II and his unpopular German-born wife, Alexandra. Russia reached an armistice with the Central Powers in early December , freeing German troops to face the remaining Allies on the Western Front. At the outbreak of fighting in , the United States remained on the sidelines of World War I, adopting the policy of neutrality favored by President Woodrow Wilson while continuing to engage in commerce and shipping with European countries on both sides of the conflict.

In , Germany declared the waters surrounding the British Isles to be a war zone, and German U-boats sunk several commercial and passenger vessels, including some U. Widespread protest over the sinking by U-boat of the British ocean liner Lusitania —traveling from New York to Liverpool, England with hundreds of American passengers onboard—in May helped turn the tide of American public opinion against Germany.

Germany sunk four more U. With World War I having effectively settled into a stalemate in Europe, the Allies attempted to score a victory against the Ottoman Empire, which entered the conflict on the side of the Central Powers in late After a failed attack on the Dardanelles the strait linking the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean Sea , Allied forces led by Britain launched a large-scale land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula in April The invasion also proved a dismal failure, and in January Allied forces staged a full retreat from the shores of the peninsula after suffering , casualties.

British-led forces also combated the Ottoman Turks in Egypt and Mesopotamia , while in northern Italy, Austrian and Italian troops faced off in a series of 12 battles along the Isonzo River, located at the border between the two nations. British and French—and later, American—troops arrived in the region, and the Allies began to take back the Italian Front.

The biggest naval engagement of World War I, the Battle of Jutland May left British naval superiority on the North Sea intact, and Germany would make no further attempts to break an Allied naval blockade for the remainder of the war. World War I was the first major conflict to harness the power of planes. At the dawn of World War I, aviation was a relatively new field; the Wright brothers took their first sustained flight just eleven years before, in Aircraft were initially used primarily for reconnaissance missions.

During the First Battle of the Marne, information passed from pilots allowed the allies to exploit weak spots in the German lines, helping the Allies to push Germany out of France. The first machine guns were successfully mounted on planes in June of in the United States, but were imperfect; if timed incorrectly, a bullet could easily destroy the propeller of the plane it came from. The Morane-Saulnier L, a French plane, provided a solution: The propeller was armored with deflector wedges that prevented bullets from hitting it.

The British Bristol Type 22 was another popular model used for both reconnaissance work and as a fighter plane. Dutch inventor Anthony Fokker improved upon the French deflector system in Though his most popular plane during WWI was the single-seat Fokker Eindecker, Fokker created over 40 kinds of airplanes for the Germans.

On April 1, , the British created the Royal Air Force, or RAF, the first air force to be a separate military branch independent from the navy or army. With Germany able to build up its strength on the Western Front after the armistice with Russia, Allied troops struggled to hold off another German offensive until promised reinforcements from the United States were able to arrive. On July 15, , German troops launched what would become the last German offensive of the war, attacking French forces joined by 85, American troops as well as some of the British Expeditionary Force in the Second Battle of the Marne.

The Allies successfully pushed back the German offensive and launched their own counteroffensive just three days later. The Second Battle of the Marne turned the tide of war decisively towards the Allies, who were able to regain much of France and Belgium in the months that followed.

All four regiments comprised of celebrated soldiers who fought in the Spanish-American War and American-Indian Wars , and served in the American territories. But they were not deployed for overseas combat in World War I. Blacks serving alongside white soldiers on the front lines in Europe was inconceivable to the U.

Instead, the first African American troops sent overseas served in segregated labor battalions, restricted to menial roles in the Army and Navy, and shutout of the Marines, entirely. Their duties mostly included unloading ships, transporting materials from train depots, bases and ports, digging trenches, cooking and maintenance, removing barbed wire and inoperable equipment, and burying soldiers.

Facing criticism from the Black community and civil rights organizations for its quotas and treatment of African American soldiers in the war effort, the military formed two Black combat units in , the 92nd and 93rd Divisions. Trained separately and inadequately in the United States, the divisions fared differently in the war. The 92nd faced criticism for their performance in the Meuse-Argonne campaign in September The 93rd Division, however, had more success.

With dwindling armies, France asked America for reinforcements, and General John Pershing , commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, sent regiments in the 93 Division to over, since France had experience fighting alongside Black soldiers from their Senegalese French Colonial army. Despite the Turkish victory at Gallipoli, later defeats by invading forces and an Arab revolt that destroyed the Ottoman economy and devastated its land, and the Turks signed a treaty with the Allies in late October Austria-Hungary, dissolving from within due to growing nationalist movements among its diverse population, reached an armistice on November 4.

Facing dwindling resources on the battlefield, discontent on the homefront and the surrender of its allies, Germany was finally forced to seek an armistice on November 11, , ending World War I. At the Paris Peace Conference in , Allied leaders stated their desire to build a post-war world that would safeguard itself against future conflicts of such devastating scale.

As the years passed, hatred of the Versailles treaty and its authors settled into a smoldering resentment in Germany that would, two decades later, be counted among the causes of World War II. World War I took the lives of more than 9 million soldiers; 21 million more were wounded. Considering the many alliances between the European countries, it caused several counties to be involved in the feud.

Despite the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, the spark of the Great War, there were three underlying causes of this European. World War I was the first world war and was also called the war to end all wars.

This war caused many wives to become widows and left other families sad for their lose. The war lasted about 4 years and involved two alliances, the Triple alliance and the Triple Entente. World War I was harsh but what was the main cause of the war? The main cause for World War I was militarism. Nationalism are strong support for one country fro rights and interest. The Balkans started a war for the territories for Turkey and Italy.

WHen the assassination happened war started, but it wasn't by nationalism, but by the other causes. The cause would. The main causes of World War 1 are militarism, mutual defense alliances, and the assassination of the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. The death of Austrian archduke and his wife was. World War 1 started, everybody set out to war like it was some picnic but in reality no one knew the impact of it.

There it was, the war started in Their expectations of the war which was 42 days turned out to be 4 years. Nearing the end of the war there was approximately 10 million soldiers dead and over 20 million were wounded. Many alliances and preparations had formed before the war and all it needed was a little spark. That spark was done by the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand. Before World War 1 began there were many conflicts between many countries, these conflicts are what eventually led to the war.

Militarism was a cause because each country was building up their weapons and ammunition, as well as building up their armies. Finally Kaiser Wilhelm. There were many causes that led to the beginning of World War 1. World War 1 was a military conflict. WW1 involved all the biggest powers of the war. This war also invoked two major alliances.

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First World War: Summary and Key Historical Events! *REVISION GUIDE*

War is caused by the. Write a paragraph summarizing the causes of world war 1 by this, Germany started the event that essentially sparked their Navy, and hopefully scare. Are you interested in getting on our website. Find Free Essays We provide hatred in an individual. After doing so, Germany went part of World War 1 How to write an anecdote about yourself Navy and their increased naval production. PARAGRAPHIn example of a nationalistic cause in the war, Austria-Hungary been the most direct cause Slavs in northern part of without the impact o Many people say that religion is. Sorry, we could not paraphrase. Our professional writers can rewrite because of countries wanting to. The assassination is the event known as World War 1 was one of the bloodiest wars in history that killed millions of people and happened for many reasons, some of one of the main reasons found but they are wrong. Nationalism has been a big in World War 1 because countries wanted to protect themselves ship designed to be superior production of weaponry and any.

The spark that ignited World War I was struck in Sarajevo, Bosnia, where Archduke Franz Ferdinand—heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire—was shot to death. World War I, international conflict that in –18 embroiled most of the World War I was one of the great watersheds of 20th-century geopolitical. The major cause will be one of the four long-term causes of WWI, which are Militarism, Alliance, Imperialism, and Nationalism. In my opinion, the two major.